This article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2007)
|Products||Buses and trucks|
|Revenue||$7.6 billion (2010)|
Number of employees
|About 10,000 (December 2015)|
|Subsidiaries||Mitsubishi Fuso Truck of America, Inc.|
The Mitsubishi Fuso Truck and Bus Corporation (Japanese: 三菱ふそうトラック・バス株式会社, Hepburn: Mitsubishi Fusō Torakku・Basu Kabushiki gaisha) is a manufacturer of trucks and buses. It is headquartered in Kawasaki, Kanagawa, Japan. Currently, it is 89.29 %-owned by Germany-based Daimler AG, under the Daimler Trucks division.
Fuso derives from the ancient Chinese term Fusang (扶桑), for a sacred tree said to grow at the spot in the East where the sun rises, and has been used to refer to Japan itself. The actual Fuso tree is a hibiscus.
In 1932, the first B46 bus (the Fuso) was built at the Mitsubishi Shipbuilding Company's Kobe Works. Two years later, the Mitsubishi Shipbuilding Company was renamed Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI). Three years after that, the MHI motor-vehicle operations at the Kobe Works were transferred to the Tokyo Works.
In 1949, the Fuso Motors Sales Company was established; it was renamed the Mitsubishi Fuso Motors Sales Company in 1952. In 1950, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries was split into three companies: East Japan Heavy Industries, Central Japan Heavy Industries and West Japan Heavy Industries. Two years later, Central Japan Heavy Industries was renamed Shin Mitsubishi Heavy Industries; West Japan Heavy Industries was renamed Mitsubishi Shipbuilding and Engineering Company and East Japan Heavy Industries was renamed Mitsubishi Nippon Heavy Industries (MNHI). Products from the companies were distributed by Mitsubishi Fuso Motor Sales because of brand recognition.
In 1957, MNHI integrated the Tokyo and Kawasaki Works into the Tokyo Motor Vehicle Works. Seven years later, Mitsubishi Nippon Heavy Industries, Shin Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and Mitsubishi Shipbuilding and Engineering Company merged to form Mitsubishi Fuso Heavy Industries; Mitsubishi Fuso Motors Sales split into two divisions: Shin and Fuso Motors Sales Company. Sharing a logo, they split the distribution of heavy and light machinery; Shin distributed light machinery branded as Mitsubishi, and Fuso distributed heavy machinery branded as Fuso. In 1970 MHI signed a joint-venture agreement with Chrysler Corporation, establishing the Mitsubishi Motors Corporation (MMC), and MHI transferred its motor-vehicle operations to MMC.
In 1975, MMC opened the Nakatsu Plant at its Tokyo Motor Vehicle Works; five years later, it opened the Kitsuregawa Proving Grounds. Four years after that, MMC merged with Mitsubishi Motor Sales Company. In 1985, MMC and Mitsubishi Corporation established the joint-equity company Mitsubishi Trucks of America in the United States. Eight years later, MMC and Chrysler dissolved their equity partnership. The following year, MMC and Mitsubishi joined to design, build and distribute the Mitsubishi Lancer.
In 1999 MMC and Volvo joined their truck and bus operations, and Volvo acquired five percent of MMC. Two years later, DaimlerChrysler replaced Volvo as MMC's truck and bus partner and MMC renamed the Tokyo Plant the Truck and Bus Production Office (also known as the Kawasaki Plant).
In 2003, the Mitsubishi Fuso Truck and Bus Corporation (MFTBC) was established. DaimlerChrysler, Mitsubishi Motors Corporation and other Mitsubishi companies acquired 43-, 42- and 15-percent shares, respectively, in MFTBC. In 2005, Mitsubishi Motors Corporation transferred its MFTBC shares to DaimlerChrysler as part of their compensation agreement for financial damages resulting from quality problems and recalls at MFTBC. DaimlerChrysler and the Mitsubishi companies hold shares of 89 and 11 percent, respectively. In 2006, MFTBC moved its headquarters from Tokyo to Kawasaki-shi, Kanagawa; the following year, DaimlerChrysler sold its majority stake in Chrysler Corporation to Cerberus Capital Management. The corporation was renamed Daimler AG, and the DaimlerChrysler Truck Group was renamed Daimler Trucks; MFTBC is part of the Daimler Trucks Division of Daimler AG.
On May 27, 2020, Mitsubishi Fuso Truck of America announced it is discontinuing new truck sales. The move is a result of a re-evaluation by Mitsubishi Fuso Truck and Bus Corp. of its business situation in the United States and Canada, according to the announcement, as the company shifts to a service-focused operation in these markets.
Fuso trucks are developed and built primarily at the following Japanese facilities:
- Kitsuregawa Proving Ground
- Kawasaki Plant and Research and Development Center
- Nakatsu Plant, Aikawa, Kanagawa
- Mitsubishi Fuso Bus Manufacturing Company in Toyama, Toyama
Mitsubishi Fuso Canter work trucks are manufactured in Egypt, Portugal, The Philippines, Venezuela, Turkey, and Russia. They are marketed in Japan, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Indonesia and a number of other Asian countries, as well as in the United States.
They are also manufactured in India at the Daimler India Commercial Vehicles plant in Oragadam, near Chennai. Those vehicles are sold in East Africa and Southeast Asia. Mitsubishi Fuso's European marketing and sales headquarters is in Stuttgart.
- Canter aka FE/FF/FG/FH, formerly also rebadged and sold as the Sterling 360
- Canter Guts (Canter Mini FA/FB/FC/FD)
- Canter Eco Hybrid
- Fighter aka FH/FK/FM/FL
- The Great
- Super Great/Heavy Duty aka FP/FS/FV
- Fuso Shogun (manufactured in New Zealand)
- Fuso FJ (manufactured in India for export)
- Fuso TV (manufactured in Malaysia and Thailand)
- Fuso FI
Buses and Chassis
- Aero Midi MK/MJ/ME
- Aero Star MP
- Aero King
- Aero Ace/Bus/Queen MS
- Mitsubishi Cruiser
- Mitsubishi Eagle
- Fuso BK125L (Bus chassis)
- Fuso BM115/116/117/118 (Bus chassis)
- Fuso RK (Bus chassis)
- Fuso RM (Bus chassis)
- Fuso RP (Bus Chassis)
A Fuso RP118 bus is operated by BMTA in Thailand.
The Mitsubishi Fuso Aero Star diesel-electric bus is being tested in Japan. According to the company, it can reduce fuel consumption by as much as 30 percent. The Aero Star uses a series hybrid drive, where its diesel engine drives an electric generator to recharge lithium-ion batteries connected to the two electric motors with a combined output of 158 kW which propel the vehicle. Series hybrids are efficient on urban buses. Opposed to the buses the Mitsubishi Fuso Canter Eco Hybrid utilizes a parallel hybrid system with an electric Motor-generator on the transmission input shaft. This system maintains better efficiency gains at higher speeds.
Outside Japan, vehicles manufactured by the corporation are sold in:
- Latin America by Mitsubishi Motors, Daimler and independent dealers (in Mexico, some Fuso Vehicles are offered in Freightliner trademark, in order to replace the Sterling Trucks image that previously badged some trucks like Canter and Super Great)
- Asia by Mitsubishi Motors, Mitsubishi Fuso Company and Daimler independent dealers
- Middle East by Mitsubishi Motors and independent dealers
- Africa by Mitsubishi and independent dealers, in Rwanda by Akagera Business Group
- Oceania by Daimler-Mercedes-Benz, Mitsubishi Motors, Fuso and independent dealers
- Europe by Daimler Trucks and dealers
- "Corporate profile". Mitsubishi Fuso Truck and Bus Corporation. Retrieved June 30, 2018.
-  Archived November 20, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- says, Nelson (2020-05-27). "Mitsubishi Fuso to discontinue new truck sales in North America". Truck News. Retrieved 2021-05-13.
- Mitsubishi Fuso Plant Archived September 23, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
- Daimler Trucks Operations in Asia Premieres FUSO FJ Fuso Press release, September 24, 2014. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
- "Ghabbour Auto". Ghabbour Auto. April 19, 2012. Retrieved May 4, 2016.
-  Archived November 16, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
-  Archived November 20, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
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