Minister of Militia and Defence (Canada)

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The Minister of Militia and Defence was the federal government minister in charge of the volunteer army units in Canada, the Canadian Militia, before the creation of the Canadian Army.

From 1855 to 1906, the minister was responsible for Canadian militia units only, as the British Army was still stationed in Canada. From 1906 to 1923, the minister was in charge of the Department of Militia and Defence (Canada). After 1923, the position was merged with the Minister of the Naval Service and the Minister of Aviation into the new position of Minister of National Defence. The Minister of National Defence became responsible for the Canadian Militia, the Royal Canadian Navy and, from 1924, the Royal Canadian Air Force.

List of Ministers[edit]

Pre-Confederation (1855–1867)[edit]

The following individuals were named the Minister of Militia and Defence for the Province of Canada.

Key:

  Historical conservative parties: Parti bleu, Upper Canada Tories
No. Portrait Name Term of office Political party
1 Étienne P. Taché.jpg Étienne-Paschal Taché 1855 1860 Parti bleu
2 John A Macdonald (ca. 1875).jpg John A. Macdonald 1860 1867 Tories

Post-Confederation (1867–1922)[edit]

The following individuals were named the Minister of Militia and Defence for Canada.

Key:

No. Portrait Name Term of office Political party Ministry Ref.
1 Sir George Etienne Cartier.jpg George-Étienne Cartier 1 July 1867 20 May 1873 Liberal-Conservative 1 (Macdonald) [1]
HectorLangevin23.jpg Hector-Louis Langevin
(Acting)
21 May 1873 30 June 1873 [2]
2 Hugh McDonald MP.jpg Hugh McDonald 1 July 1873 4 November 1873 [3]
3 WilliamRoss.jpg William Ross 7 November 1873 29 September 1874 Liberal 2 (Mackenzie) [4]
4 William Berrian Vail.jpg William Berrian Vail 30 September 1874 20 January 1878 [5]
5 Alfred Gilpin Jones.jpg Alfred Gilpin Jones 21 January 1878 8 October 1878 [6]
6 LouisRodrigueMasson23.jpg Louis-Rodrigue Masson 19 October 1878 15 January 1880 Conservative 3 (Macdonald) [7]
7 Sir Alexander Campbell.jpg Alexander Campbell 16 January 1880 7 November 1880 [8]
8 Joseph-Philippe-René-Adolphe Caron.jpg Adolphe-Philippe Caron 8 November 1880 6 June 1891 [9]
16 June 1891 24 January 1892 4 (Abbott)
9 SirMackenzieBowell.jpg Mackenzie Bowell 25 January 1892 24 November 1892 [10]
10 James Colebrooke Patterson.jpg James Colebrooke Patterson 5 December 1892 12 December 1894 5 (Thompson) [11]
21 December 1894 26 March 1895 6 (Bowell)
11 Arthur Rupert Dickey.jpg Arthur Rupert Dickey 26 March 1895 5 April 1896 [12]
12 SirMackenzieBowell.jpg Mackenzie Bowell 6 January 1896 14 January 1896 [10]
13 Alphonse Desjardins politician 2067.jpg Alphonse Desjardins 15 January 1896 27 April 1896 [13]
14 David Tisdale.jpg David Tisdale 1 May 1896 8 July 1896 7 (Tupper) [14]
15 Frederick William Borden.jpg Frederick William Borden 13 July 1896 6 October 1911 Liberal 8 (Laurier) [15]
16 Samuel Hughes, 1905.jpg Sam Hughes 10 October 1911 12 October 1916 Conservative 9 (Borden) [16]
17 Albert Edward Kemp.jpg Albert Edward Kemp 23 November 1916 11 November 1917 [17]
18 Sydney Chilton Mewburn.jpg Sydney Chilton Mewburn 12 October 1917 15 January 1920 Unionist 10 (Borden) [18]
James Alexander Calder in 1920.jpg James Alexander Calder
(Acting)
16 January 1920 23 January 1920 [19]
19 Hugh Guthrie (cropped).png Hugh Guthrie 24 January 1920 28 December 1921 [20]
National Liberal and Conservative 11 (Meighen)
20 George Perry Graham.jpg George Perry Graham 29 December 1921 31 December 1922 Liberal 12 (King) [21]
Office succeeded by the Minister of National Defence

Ministers with military experience[edit]

Sir Sam Hughes, dressed in the uniform of a colonel of the Canadian Militia, 1914.

Several individuals that served as the Minister of Militia and Defence have served with the Canadian Militia. They include:

Deputy Minister of Militia and Defence[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Profile - Cartier, George Étienne". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  2. ^ "Profile - Langevin, Hector-Louis". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  3. ^ "Profile - McDonald, Hugh". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  4. ^ "Profile - Ross, William". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  5. ^ "Profile - Vail, William Berrian". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  6. ^ "Profile - Jones, Alfred Gilpin". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  7. ^ "Profile - Masson, Louis-François-Rodrigue". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  8. ^ "Profile - Campbell, Alexander". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  9. ^ "Profile - Caron, Adolphe-Philippe". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  10. ^ a b "Profile - Bowell, Mackenzie". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  11. ^ "Profile - Patterson, James Colebrooke". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  12. ^ "Profile - Dickey, Arthur Rupert". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  13. ^ "Profile - Desjardins, Alphonse". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  14. ^ "Profile - Tisdale, David". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  15. ^ "Profile - Borden, Frederick William". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  16. ^ "Profile - Hughes, Samuel". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  17. ^ "Profile - Kemp, Albert Edward". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  18. ^ "Profile - Mewburn, Sydney Chilton". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  19. ^ "Profile - Calder, James Alexander". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  20. ^ "Profile - Guthrie, Hugh". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  21. ^ "Profile - Graham, George Perry". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.