Baw Baw National Park
|Baw Baw National Park|
|Nearest town or city||Rawson|
|Area||135.3 km2 (52.2 sq mi)|
|Managing authorities||Parks Victoria|
|Website||Baw Baw National Park|
|See also||Protected areas of Victoria|
The Baw Baw National Park is a national park located on the boundaries between the Central Highlands and Gippsland regions of Victoria, Australia. The 13,530-hectare (33,400-acre) national park is situated approximately 120 kilometres (75 mi) east of Melbourne and 50 kilometres (31 mi) north of the Latrobe Valley. The park contains the Baw-Baw Plateau and borders the Mount Baw Baw Alpine Resort.
Geographically, the Baw-Baw Plateau is a plateau of several peaks that includes Mount Baw Baw, Mount St Gwinear, Mount St Phillack, Mount Erica and Mount Whitelaw; all largely subalpine terrane outcrops of weathered granite boulders dot the plateau with alpine meadows punctuated by stands of snow-gum. Much of the slopes of the plateau within the national park form the catchment area for the Thomson River and the Thomson Reservoir, and the Tanjil and Tyers rivers.
The traditional custodians of the land surrounding Baw Baw National Park are the Wurundjeri people of the Kulin Nation. Through their cultural traditions, the Gunaikurnai people identify the Baw Baw National Park as their traditional country.
The area was first explored by Europeans in 1860 by botanist Ferdinand von Mueller. The area was settled in the 1880s and 1890s, after the discovery of gold in the area. Baw Baw National Park was declared in April 1979. On 7 November 2008 the park was added to the Australian National Heritage List as one of eleven areas constituting the Australian Alps National Parks and Reserves. The Baw Baw National Park represents the southerly extent of the sub-alpine environment on mainland Australia.
Flora and fauna
The typical vegetation in the park is low-lying grasses, heathlands and snow gums, this is typically described as sub-alpine. Fauna abounds on the foothills to Baw Baw Plateau, including Leadbeater's possum, which is highly endangered and Victoria's state fauna emblem. The critically endangered Baw Baw frog (Philoria frosti), listed on the IUCN Red List, is native to the region.
The national park draws its name from Mount Baw Baw. In the Australian Aboriginal Woiwurrung language the name for the mountain was thought to be variously bo-ye, meaning "ghost"; or bo-bo, meaning bandicoot. In the Bunurong language, the mountain was thought to be named Bore Bore and in the Gunai language, Bo Bo, both meaning "echo".
The major uses of the park are skiing in winter and bushwalking in summer. It is popular for cross country skiing, downhill skiing, summer bushwalking, rafting and canoeing, fishing, scenic drives and picnics. The Australian Alps Walking Track traverses its entire length, starting at Walhalla and continuing north towards the Alpine National Park. The Baw Baw section takes a bit less than three days to walk with plenty to see for those interested in botany or geology.
The highest peak in the park is Mount St Phillack, a granite plateau standing at 1,566 metres (5,138 ft).
There is popular ski touring along the Baw Baw Plateau between Mount Baw Baw, past Mount St Phillack to Mount St Gwinear. There is a volunteer ski patrol group who run on weekends and patrol around the St Gwinear portion of the national park. They access the park from the opposite side of the plateau to the ski resort at Mount Baw Baw. Other popular skiing is Nordic skiing at Mount Baw Baw, introduced in 1972 including championship races and a ski school.
- Australian Alps National Parks and Reserves
- List of reduplicated Australian place names
- Protected areas of Victoria
- "Australian Alps National Parks and Reserves: Statement of significance". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment, Australian Government. 7 November 2008. Retrieved 9 August 2014.
- "Baw Baw National Park". Parks Victoria. Government of Victoria. Retrieved 9 August 2014.
- "Australian Alps National Parks information". Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. Retrieved 10 June 2010.
- "Mount Baw Baw: Historical information: 2218". Vicnames. 12 August 2011. Archived from the original on 9 August 2014. Retrieved 9 August 2014.
- "Travel: Mount Baw Baw". The Age. 9 October 2008. Retrieved 9 August 2014.
- "Home page". St Gwinear Ski Patrol Inc. Archived from the original on 20 February 2006. Retrieved 6 February 2006.
- History of the Mount Baw Baw region June 2002 Archived 12 December 2006 at the Wayback Machine
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