Tottenham Hale station

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Tottenham Hale London Underground National Rail
Tottenham Hale Station geograph-4042951-by-Ben-Brooksbank.jpg
Tottenham Hale is located in Greater London
Tottenham Hale
Tottenham Hale
Location of Tottenham Hale in Greater London
LocationTottenham Hale
Local authorityLondon Borough of Haringey
Managed byGreater Anglia
Station codeTOM
DfT categoryD
Number of platforms5 (2 London Underground, 3 National Rail (numbered 2-4))
AccessibleYes [1]
Fare zone3
London Underground annual entry and exit
2013Increase 10.32 million[2]
2014Increase 11.91 million[2]
2015Increase 11.95 million[2]
2016Increase 13.21 million[2]
2017Decrease 12.47 million[2]
National Rail annual entry and exit
2013–14Increase 4.791 million[3]
– interchange 0.600 million[3]
2014–15Increase 5.745 million[3]
– interchange Increase 0.645 million[3]
2015–16Increase 6.926 million[3]
– interchange Decrease 0.353 million[3]
2016–17Increase 7.939 million[3]
– interchange Increase 0.367 million[3]
2017–18Increase 8.171 million[3]
– interchange Decrease 0.366 million[3]
Key dates
1840Opened (N&ER)
1968Opened (Victoria line)
Other information
External links
WGS8451°35′18″N 0°03′35″W / 51.588333°N 0.059722°W / 51.588333; -0.059722Coordinates: 51°35′18″N 0°03′35″W / 51.588333°N 0.059722°W / 51.588333; -0.059722
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg London transport portal

Tottenham Hale is a National Rail and London Underground interchange station located in Tottenham Hale in north London, England. On the National Rail network it is on the Lea Valley line that forms part of the West Anglia Main Line, 6 miles (9.7 km) from London Liverpool Street, and is served by Greater Anglia and Stansted Express. On the Underground it is on the Victoria line between Blackhorse Road and Seven Sisters. The station is in Travelcard Zone 3.

The station was opened in 1840, with Underground services added in 1968. A new station building is under construction,[4][5] and an additional platform is being added[6] as part of a regeneration scheme.[7]

History[edit]

19th century[edit]

Locations served by Tottenham Hale trains in previous years included London St Pancras (via the Tottenham and Hampstead Joint Railway), North Woolwich via the low level platforms at Stratford (after the Palace Gates Line service was cut back) and York (via Cambridge and the Great Northern and Great Eastern Joint Railway).[8] Until recently, the next station served to the south on the line to Liverpool Street was Clapton, but only a small number of trains to and from Tottenham Hale served Clapton. Clapton is now exclusively served by trains on the Chingford branch instead, except for the last train to Hertford East on Mondays to Fridays, which stops at Clapton before Tottenham Hale.[9]

The station opened on 15 September 1840 as Tottenham,[10] on the Northern & Eastern Railway (N&ER) line from Stratford in east London to Broxbourne in Hertfordshire. The Northern and Eastern Railway was leased by the Eastern Counties Railway in 1844 who took over operation of the line. The line was initially laid to a gauge of 5 ft (1,524 mm); however, this had already been identified as non-standard, and between 5 September and 7 October 1844 the whole network was re-laid to 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge.

On 12 September 1858 a passenger train collided with some goods wagons that had been shunted onto the main line. Nobody was seriously injured. Eighteen months later on 20 February 1860 the station was the site of a serious railway accident when a locomotive derailed, killing the driver, fireman and seven passengers.[11]

The Eastern Counties Railway was taken over by the Great Eastern Railway in 1862.

Until 1868 Tottenham Hale was a railhead for cattle traffic from East Anglia. Trains were unloaded there, and the cattle driven miles down what is now the A10 road towards London.[12] In 1868 the link (since removed) to the Tottenham and Hampstead Junction Railway was opened and the cattle traffic transferred to Tufnell Park, which was closer to the site of the cattle market off Caledonian Road.

Four years later in 1872 the route via Clapton was opened, offering a slightly more direct route to Liverpool Street.[13]

In 1875, the suffix 'Hale' was added to the station's name; this was removed in November 1938, before being restored in 1968.[10][14]

In 1882 the line through Tottenham Hale became part of a major rail freight artery, with the opening of the Great Northern and Great Eastern Joint Railway. This provided a link for the Great Eastern from the coalfields in the north to London. This led to a second pair of running lines known as the Slow Lines being added in 1913.[15] The slow lines that exist today were previously known as the fast lines.

20th century[edit]

On 29 August 1913 a northbound mail train (carrying passengers) ran into the back of a freight train just south of the station at Tottenham South Junction. The cause was a signal passed at danger in foggy conditions. Two passengers were badly injured, 16 less so.[16]

The area was always susceptible to flooding, one of the worst instances being between 18 and 22 February 1919 when the River Lea overflowed its banks and rail traffic was suspended.[17]

In 1919 there were, as well as the two sets of main lines, some private sidings serving local industries. Other sidings in the area were used to clean passenger rolling stock when not in service.[18]

In 1923 operation passed to the London & North Eastern Railway, and following nationalisation in 1948 the station became part of British Railways Eastern Region.

On 12 February 1927 an express passenger train was in collision with a lorry on a level crossing. Owing to foggy conditions, the train was not travelling at high speed.[19]

On 4 October 1929 another accident occurred at Tottenham North Junction (just south of the station) when a goods train passed a signal at danger and was hit by a passenger train. There were no fatalities.[20]

On 21 March 1944 (during World War Two) a number of incendiary bombs fell close to the station, destroying a lineside hut.[21]

In 1961 the link from Tottenham South Junction to the Tottenham and Hampstead Line was closed.[22]

On 14 July 1967 planning permission was granted for the addition of the London Underground Victoria line station.[23] The station was renamed Tottenham Hale on 1 September 1968, when it became an interchange station with London Underground on the opening of the first stage of the Victoria line.

The Lea Valley line between Copper Mill Junction and Cheshunt was electrified at 25 kV in 1969. Many of the private goods sidings were removed at this time.[24] Prior to electrification, between 1958 and 1969 passenger services between Cheshunt and London Liverpool Street through Tottenham Hale were normally operated by Class 125 diesel multiple units (which had been purpose-built for the line).

When sectorisation was introduced in the 1980s, the station was served by Network SouthEast until the privatisation of British Railways.

In the late 1990s, at the same time as the Stansted Express service to Stansted Airport was started, the British Rail station at Tottenham Hale was totally rebuilt; the Underground station was revamped at the same time. None of the original Victorian station now exists.

With the privatisation of the UK's railways in 1994 operation of the station was initially allocated to a business unit which succeeded the old British Railways structure before being taken over by West Anglia Great Northern (WAGN) in January 1997.

21st century[edit]

Tottenham Hale station in 2007
Redevelopment work at the station in 2014

Initially owned by Prism Rail, National Express took over operation in July 2000. In 1994 responsibility for the operational infrastructure passed to Railtrack.

In August 2002 signalling control was transferred to the Liverpool Street Integrated Electronic Control Centre (IECC).[25]

The WAGN franchise was replaced in 2004 by One, this was renamed National Express East Anglia.

The following year, following financial difficulties, Railtrack was superseded by Network Rail.

From 11 December 2005, a new service to and from Stratford reintroduced a direct passenger connection between Tottenham Hale and Stratford via the mainly freight line across Walthamstow Marshes. For many years the only service on this route had been a parliamentary "ghost train" to Enfield Town via Stratford operated to save lengthy closure (to passenger) procedures.

In February 2012 operation of the station changed once again, with Greater Anglia taking over the franchise.

Services[edit]

Tottenham Hale is served by trains operated by Greater Anglia and on London Underground's Victoria line. Services at the station are:

National Rail[edit]

London Underground[edit]

Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
towards Brixton
Victoria line
National Rail National Rail
Greater Anglia
London Liverpool Street   Greater Anglia
Stansted Express
  Cheshunt
    Harlow Town
    Bishop's Stortford
  Future Development  
Preceding station   Elizabeth line roundel.svg National Rail logo.svg Crossrail   Following station
Crossrail
Line 2
towards Broxbourne
Disused railways
South Tottenham   Tottenham & Hampstead Junction Railway   Terminus

Future[edit]

Transport for London has active plans for the station to be expanded.

Specifically, the proposed Tottenham Hale Station Upgrade development comprises the following elements:

  • creating a new landmark entrance to the Station;
  • increasing the capacity of the Station concourse, by doubling the size of the current ticket hall;
  • improving interchange by relocating the Greater Anglia and London Underground gatelines;
  • providing new access to platforms via the new Access for All (AfA) bridge being delivered separately by Network Rail;
  • removing the existing subway which links the south side of Ferry Lane with the Station;
  • extending the existing bridge to form a new Station entrance from Hale Village, providing improved access from the east to Tottenham Hale transport interchange;
  • re-routing the London Underground escape route and relocating the vent shaft;
  • providing a new, upgraded Station control facility; and
  • retail units.

The full plans can be seen on Haringey Council's website.[5][26]

Funding is being sought to increase the number of lines from Coppermill Junction (between Lea Bridge and Tottenham Hale) and Angel Road to provide a turn-up-and-go four trains per hour service for the Lea Valley.[27]

In February 2013, the Crossrail task force of business group London First, chaired by former Secretary of State for Transport Andrew Adonis, published its recommendations on Crossrail 2, favouring a route almost identical to the regional option proposed by TfL in 2011.[28] The report was endorsed by Network Rail.[29]

This proposal will see four tracks restored through Tottenham Hale and direct links to South-West London.

Miscellaneous[edit]

Four of London's last remaining trolleybus poles formerly stood on Ferry Lane as it crosses over the railway tracks by the station.[30] These have since been removed as of 2016.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Step free Tube Guide" (PDF). Transport for London. March 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 June 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLSX). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. January 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
  4. ^ "https://www.ianvisits.co.uk/blog/2018/12/05/london-railway-upgrades-a-progress-report-9/". Retrieved 21 July 2019. External link in |title= (help)
  5. ^ a b "Online Planning Services: Application Search". 5 April 2005. Retrieved 10 February 2014.
  6. ^ "railfuture.org.uk/tiki-download_file.php?fileId=505". Railfuture. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
  7. ^ "Citizen Space - Improving Tottenham Hale". Retrieved 10 November 2013.
  8. ^ Great Eastern Railway Society Journal volume 122 page 22 Rodger Green April 2005
  9. ^ Abellio Greater Anglia West Anglia train timetables 18 May 2014 pages 6 & 31.
  10. ^ a b Butt 1995, p. 232.
  11. ^ Lake, G H (1999) [1945]. The Railways of Tottenham. Teignmouth: Peter Kay. p. 38. ISBN 1-899890-26-2.
  12. ^ Great Eastern Railway Society Journal volume 122 pages 26 Rodger Green April 2005
  13. ^ Great Eastern Railway Society Journal volume 122 pages 20-27 Rodger Green April 2005
  14. ^ Great Eastern Railway Society Journal volume 122 pages 24 Rodger Green April 2005
  15. ^ Lake 1999, p. 25
  16. ^ Lake 1999, p. 60
  17. ^ Lake 1999, p. 62
  18. ^ Lake 1999, p. 95
  19. ^ Earnshaw, Alan (1990). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 6. Penryn: Atlantic Books. p. 16. ISBN 0-906899-37-0.
  20. ^ Lake 1999, p. 63
  21. ^ Lake 1999, p. 93
  22. ^ Great Eastern Railway Society Journal volume 122 pages 24-27 Rodger Green April 2005
  23. ^ "OLD/1967/0202". Online Planning Service. Haringey Council. 14 July 1967. Retrieved 1 August 2013. Land at Ferry Lane: Construction of new station for Victoria Line.
  24. ^ Great Eastern Railway Society Journal volume 122 pages 25 Rodger Green April 2005
  25. ^ Great Eastern Railway Society Journal volume 135 page 14 Chris Cook(photo caption) July 2008
  26. ^ "Tottenham Hale Station Upgrade Transport Statement". Haringey Council. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  27. ^ "Lea Valley Rail: All you want to know about the upgrades of the line! - railfuture.org.uk". Railfuture. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
  28. ^ "Crossrail 2: Supporting London's Growth" (PDF). London First. February 2013. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
  29. ^ "Crossrail 2 is vital to London's economic growth". Network Rail. 5 February 2013. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
  30. ^ "Tottenham Hale, United Kingdom - Google Maps". Retrieved 19 March 2013.[failed verification]

Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199.

External links[edit]