Gambart (crater)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Gambart crater 4120 h3.jpg
Coordinates1°00′N 15°12′W / 1.0°N 15.2°W / 1.0; -15.2Coordinates: 1°00′N 15°12′W / 1.0°N 15.2°W / 1.0; -15.2
Diameter25 km
Depth1.1 km
Colongitude15° at sunrise
EponymJ.-F. A. Gambart
Oblique view of Gambart from Apollo 12
View of the terminator also from Apollo 12, with Gambart at left and Turner left of center. Apollo 14 landing site is in shadow at right (unmarked).

Gambart is a small lunar impact crater on the Mare Insularum, near the central region of the Moon. It is named after French astronomer Jean-Félix Adolphe Gambart.[1] It can be located to the south-southeast of the prominent ray crater Copernicus. In the past, the floor of Gambart has been flooded with lava, leaving a relatively flat surface surrounded by a smooth but somewhat polygon-shaped outer rim. To the southwest of Gambart is an area of hilly terrain deposited from ejecta during the Mare Imbrium impact, known as the Fra Mauro Formation.

The smaller Gambart C crater is located to the northeast of Gambart itself. Roughly between Gambart and Gambart C is a lunar dome, a type of shield volcano. The Surveyor 2 probe crashed to the northeast of Gambart C.

Satellite craters[edit]

By convention these features are identified on lunar maps by placing the letter on the side of the crater midpoint that is closest to Gambart.

Gambart Latitude Longitude Diameter
A 1.0° N 18.7° W 12 km
B 2.2° N 11.5° W 11 km
C 3.3° N 11.8° W 12 km
D 3.4° N 17.7° W 6 km
E 1.0° N 17.2° W 4 km
F 0.1° N 16.9° W 5 km
G 1.9° N 12.0° W 6 km
H 3.2° N 10.6° W 4 km
J 0.7° S 18.2° W 7 km
K 3.9° N 14.2° W 4 km
L 3.3° N 15.3° W 4 km
M 5.4° N 11.7° W 4 km
N 0.5° S 14.9° W 5 km
R 0.6° S 20.8° W 4 km
S 0.1° S 13.2° W 3 km



  1. ^ "Gambart (crater)". Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. USGS Astrogeology Research Program.
  • Andersson, L. E.; Whitaker, E. A. (1982). NASA Catalogue of Lunar Nomenclature. NASA RP-1097.
  • Bussey, B.; Spudis, P. (2004). The Clementine Atlas of the Moon. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-81528-4.
  • Cocks, Elijah E.; Cocks, Josiah C. (1995). Who's Who on the Moon: A Biographical Dictionary of Lunar Nomenclature. Tudor Publishers. ISBN 978-0-936389-27-1.
  • McDowell, Jonathan (July 15, 2007). "Lunar Nomenclature". Jonathan's Space Report. Retrieved 2007-10-24.
  • Menzel, D. H.; Minnaert, M.; Levin, B.; Dollfus, A.; Bell, B. (1971). "Report on Lunar Nomenclature by the Working Group of Commission 17 of the IAU". Space Science Reviews. 12 (2): 136–186. Bibcode:1971SSRv...12..136M. doi:10.1007/BF00171763.
  • Moore, Patrick (2001). On the Moon. Sterling Publishing Co. ISBN 978-0-304-35469-6.
  • Price, Fred W. (1988). The Moon Observer's Handbook. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-33500-3.
  • Rükl, Antonín (1990). Atlas of the Moon. Kalmbach Books. ISBN 978-0-913135-17-4.
  • Webb, Rev. T. W. (1962). Celestial Objects for Common Telescopes (6th revised ed.). Dover. ISBN 978-0-486-20917-3.
  • Whitaker, Ewen A. (1999). Mapping and Naming the Moon. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-62248-6.
  • Wlasuk, Peter T. (2000). Observing the Moon. Springer. ISBN 978-1-85233-193-1.

External links[edit]

Related articles[edit]