Aratus (crater)

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Aratus
Aratus crater AS15-M-1134.jpg
Apollo 15 mapping camera image
Coordinates23°36′N 4°30′E / 23.6°N 4.5°E / 23.6; 4.5Coordinates: 23°36′N 4°30′E / 23.6°N 4.5°E / 23.6; 4.5
Diameter10.6 km (6.6 mi)
Depth1.9 km (1.2 mi)
Colongitude356° at sunrise
EponymAratus of Soli
Oblique close-up from Apollo 15. NASA photo.

Aratus is a small lunar impact crater located on the highland to the south and east of the rugged Montes Apenninus range. It is a circular, cup-shaped crater with a relatively high albedo. It was named after Greek astronomer Aratus of Soli.[1] To the east is the Mare Serenitatis, and to the southwest is the somewhat larger crater Conon. North-northeast of Aratus is the landing site of the Apollo 15 mission, just beyond Mons Hadley Delta.

Satellite craters[edit]

By convention these features are identified on lunar maps by placing the letter on the side of the crater midpoint that is closest to Aratus.

Aratus Latitude Longitude Diameter
B 24.2° N 5.4° E 7 km (4.3 mi)
C 24.1° N 9.5° E 4 km (2.5 mi)
CA 24.5° N 11.2° E 7 km (4.3 mi)
D 24.3° N 8.6° E 4 km (2.5 mi)

The following craters have been renamed by the IAU.

Aratus CA[edit]

This three-pronged feature is located in western Mare Serenitatis. It is formed from a merged group of depressions in the lunar surface, and may be a volcanic vent. The dimensions are 9.5 km × 3 km (5.9 mi × 1.9 mi) with an estimated 0.4 km (0.25 mi) depth.

The three elongated depressions have been given individual names:

Feature Coordinates Length Name source
Rima Sung-Mei 24°36′N 11°18′E / 24.6°N 11.3°E / 24.6; 11.3 4 km (2.5 mi) Chinese masculine name
Vallis Christel 24°30′N 11°00′E / 24.5°N 11.0°E / 24.5; 11.0 2 km (1.2 mi) German feminine name
Vallis Krishna 24°30′N 11°18′E / 24.5°N 11.3°E / 24.5; 11.3 3 km (1.9 mi) Indian masculine name

Two small craters in the vicinity of Aratus CA have also been assigned names:

Crater Coordinates Diameter Name source
Manuel 24°30′N 11°18′E / 24.5°N 11.3°E / 24.5; 11.3 0.5 km (0.31 mi) Spanish masculine name
Yoshi 24°36′N 11°00′E / 24.6°N 11.0°E / 24.6; 11.0 1 km (0.62 mi) Japanese masculine name

Manuel is just beyond the eastern tip of Vallis Krishna, while Yoshi is just beyond the western tip of Vallis Christel. Manuel is very difficult to see, even on high-resolution photos.

The five names listed above first appeared on the Defense Mapping Agency's Topophotomaps 42A4/S1 and 42A4/S2 and were approved by the IAU in 1976. Because of a ban on the use of lettered crater names that was in effect at the time those maps were prepared, Aratus CA was given the provisional new name Lorca. The name Lorca was never approved by the IAU, despite notations to the contrary on Defense Mapping Agency maps LM-41 and LM-42, and the former name Aratus CA (which had first appeared on LAC-42, published in 1965 ) was officially re-adopted by the IAU in 2006.

Trending to the north from Aratus CA is a wrinkle ridge in the surface that has been designated Dorsum Owen. To the east is a longer, parallel wrinkle-ridge named Dorsum von Cotta. Further to the north-northeast is Linné, surrounded by a bright skirt of high-albedo material. About the same distance to the southwest is the Montes Haemus mountain range at the edge of the lunar mare.

The selenographic colongitude of this grouping at dawn is 349°.

View of Aratus CA and surroundings from Apollo 15. The rift near the midpoint is at selenographic coordinates 24.5° N, 11.2° E, and occupies a diameter of about 9 km (5.6 mi)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Aratus (crater)". Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. USGS Astrogeology Research Program.
  • Greeley, R. (1976). "Photogeology of Aratus Ca, Mare Serenitatis". Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. 7 (2): 331. Bibcode:1976LPI.....7..331G.
  • LTO-42A4 Linnetopographic map of Aratus CA and the surrounding terrain.
  • Topophotomap 42A4S1(10) and Topophotomap 42A4S2(10) showing location of minor named features. The overall structure, "Aratus CA", is labeled "Lorca" on these maps.
  • LM-41 and LM-42 incorrectly listing the name "Lorca" as an IAU-approved replacement for "Aratus CA".
  • Andersson, L. E.; Whitaker, E. A. (1982). NASA Catalogue of Lunar Nomenclature. NASA RP-1097.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Bussey, B.; Spudis, P. (2004). The Clementine Atlas of the Moon. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-81528-4.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Cocks, Elijah E.; Cocks, Josiah C. (1995). Who's Who on the Moon: A Biographical Dictionary of Lunar Nomenclature. Tudor Publishers. ISBN 978-0-936389-27-1.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • McDowell, Jonathan (July 15, 2007). "Lunar Nomenclature". Jonathan's Space Report. Retrieved 2007-10-24.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Menzel, D. H.; Minnaert, M.; Levin, B.; Dollfus, A.; Bell, B. (1971). "Report on Lunar Nomenclature by the Working Group of Commission 17 of the IAU". Space Science Reviews. 12 (2): 136–186. Bibcode:1971SSRv...12..136M. doi:10.1007/BF00171763.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Moore, Patrick (2001). On the Moon. Sterling Publishing Co. ISBN 978-0-304-35469-6.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Price, Fred W. (1988). The Moon Observer's Handbook. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-33500-3.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Rükl, Antonín (1990). Atlas of the Moon. Kalmbach Books. ISBN 978-0-913135-17-4.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Webb, Rev. T. W. (1962). Celestial Objects for Common Telescopes (6th revised ed.). Dover. ISBN 978-0-486-20917-3.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Whitaker, Ewen A. (1999). Mapping and Naming the Moon. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-62248-6.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Wlasuk, Peter T. (2000). Observing the Moon. Springer. ISBN 978-1-85233-193-1.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)