List of political parties in Solomon Islands

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Solomon Islands

This article lists political parties in Solomon Islands. Solomon Islands has a multi-party system with numerous political parties.

Political culture[edit]

In most elections, no one party has won an absolute majority of seats and so usually parties must work with each other to form coalition governments. The one exception is the 1989 election, when the People's Alliance Party (PAP) led by Solomon Mamaloni did win an absolute majority. However, in late 1990, Mamaloni broke away from the PAP and continued ruling in a coalition government until the 1993 election.

Many parties are established immediately prior to an election and most are very short-lived. Some will achieve no parliamentary representation and dissolve within a year. Others will achieve parliamentary representation but, having served their purpose, are then discarded.

The most enduring political parties in Solomon Islands are the PAP and the Solomon Islands United Party, founded in 1979 and 1980, respectively. The PAP has led three governments and been in coalition in at least three more. The United Party led two governments in the 1980s however its representation has waned in recent years and after the 2006, it no longer had any parliamentary representatives.

Active political parties (2006–10)[edit]

Parties created in lead up to 2010 election[edit]

Former political parties[edit]

  • Christian Alliance Party (2005–06, founded by Edward Ronia)
  • Lafari Party (2005–06, founded by John Garo)
  • Solomon Islands Social Credit Party (SoCred, 2006–10, founded by Manasseh Sogavare)
  • Solomon One Nation (2005–06, founded by Francis Orodani)
  • Solomon First (2005–06, founded by David Kwan)
  • People's Progressive Party (PPP, 2001–06, founded by Manasseh Sogavare)
  • New Solomons Party (c. 1997)
  • Christian Alliance Party of Solomon Islands
  • Christian Leadership and Fellowship Group (1993–97, founded by Rev Michael Maeliau)
  • Solomon Islands National Unity and Reconciliation Party (SINURP, 1994–97, founded by Solomon Mamaloni whilst he was Prime Minister, after he broke away from the PAP)
  • National Action Party of Solomon Islands (NAPSI, 1993–97, founded by Francis Saemala)
  • Solomon Islands Labour Party (1988–, founded by Joses Tuhanuku)
  • National Front for Progress (NFP, 1989–97, founded by Andrew Nori)
  • Solomone Ago Sagefanua (SAS, 1984–89, founded by Sethuel Kelly)
  • Solomon Islands Rural Party, later Rural Alliance Party (SIRAP, 1977–79, founded by David Kausimae and Faneta Sira)
  • National Democratic Party (NADEPA, 1976–89, founded by Bart Ulufa'alu)
  • United Solomon Islands Party Alliance (USIPA, 1973–75, founded by Benedict Kinika)
  • People’s Progress Party (PPP, 1973–75, founded by Solomon Mamaloni and David Kausimae)
  • Labour Party (1971, founded by Peter Salaka)
  • Solomon Islands United Nation Party (SUN, 1968–73, founded by David Kausimae, Frank Wickham and Bill Ramsey)
  • Democratic Party (1965–67, founded by Mariano Kelesi and Eric Lawson)
  • United Democratic Party (UDP, 1980)

See also[edit]