Autumn Leaves (film)
Original theatrical poster
|Directed by||Robert Aldrich|
|Produced by||William Goetz|
|Screenplay by||Jean Rouverol|
|Music by||Hans J. Salter|
|Edited by||Michael Luciano|
William Goetz Productions
|Distributed by||Columbia Pictures|
|Box office||$1.1 million (US)|
11,216 admissions (France)
Autumn Leaves is a 1956 American film noir drama film directed by Robert Aldrich and starring Joan Crawford in an older woman/younger man tale of mental illness. The film was distributed by Columbia Pictures. The screenplay was written by Jean Rouverol and Hugo Butler, though it was credited to Jack Jevne (serving as a front), since Rouverol and Butler were blacklisted at the time of the film's release.
Spinsterish Millicent "Milly" Wetherby (Joan Crawford) works at home as a self-employed typist. One evening in a diner, she meets a lonely Army veteran named Burt Hanson (Cliff Robertson). They share a romantic date at the beach, kissing amidst the crashing waves, but Milly tells Burt to date someone his own age. A month later, Burt is waiting for the still-lonely Milly at her home and the two celebrate his new job at a department store. He proposes to her in a movie theater, and while she initially rejects the proposal, she reconsiders when she sees him walking away.
The next day, the couple gets married in Mexico. However, on the marriage license, he lists his place of birth as Chicago, though he had earlier told her he was born in Racine, Wisconsin. Once home, Burt's ex-wife, Virginia (Vera Miles), appears, which shocks Milly because Burt told her that he had never been married. Virginia gives her a property settlement that she wants Burt to sign and tells her that Burt is a habitual liar about his life and his past. Milly also learns that Burt's father (Lorne Greene) is in Los Angeles to find him.
Burt is haunted by the day when he discovered his wife and father making love; he begins displaying signs of mental instability with their sudden, unwelcomed presence in his life. When he becomes violent, Milly sends him to a mental hospital. Burt's condition improves with treatment (depicted sketchily as a montage of intravenous drugs and electroconvulsive therapy), and he severs connections with his past. Milly happily discovers he still loves her and they look forward to a brighter future.
- Joan Crawford as Millicent Wetherby
- Cliff Robertson as Burt Hanson
- Vera Miles as Virginia Hanson
- Lorne Greene as Mr. Hanson
- Ruth Donnelly as Liz Eckhart
- Sheppard Strudwick as Dr. Malcolm Couzzens
- Selmer Jackson as Mr. Wetherby
- Maxine Cooper as Nurse Evans
- Marjorie Bennett as Waitress
- Frank Gerstle as Mr. Ramsey
- Leonard Mudie as Colonel Hillyer
- Maurice Manson as Mr. Masterson
- Boh Hopkins as Desk Clerk
The film's original working title was The Way We Are. Robert Aldrich originally developed it for his own company, the Associates and Aldrich and it was announced in July 1954, based on an original script by Jack Jevne.
The title was changed from The Way We Are to capitalize on the success of the then popular tune "Autumn Leaves" as sung by Nat King Cole. (The title "Autumn Leaves" has no apparent connection with the story of the film other than sharing a vague melancholic tone. Crawford's character is also fond of the song, but it is not identified by name in the script.) Cole's rendition is used over the film's title sequence.
The song's original title is "Les feuilles mortes" with music by Joseph Kosma and lyrics by Jacques Prévert. English lyrics were written by the American songwriter Johnny Mercer (1949). The song was introduced by Yves Montand in the French feature film Les Portes de la Nuit (1946).
Although Bosley Crowther panned the film in The New York Times on August 2, 1956, (calling it a "dismal tale"), Lawrence Quirk in Motion Picture Herald and William Zinsser in the New York Herald Tribune commented favorably upon the film. Autumn Leaves was a modest box-office success, chiefly among Crawford's female fans.
The actress thought highly of the film, deeming it the "best older woman/younger man movie ever made," and added, "Everything clicked on Autumn Leaves. The cast was perfect, the script was good, and I think Bob [Aldrich] handled everything well. I really think Cliff did a stupendous job; another actor might have been spitting out his lines and chewing the scenery, but he avoided that trap. I think the movie on a whole was a lot better than some of the romantic movies I did in the past...but somehow it just never became better known. It was eclipsed by the picture I did with Bette Davis."
The film has grown in stature among Aldrich fans since its 1956 premiere and is now regarded as one of the director's best films. Dan Callahan of Slant Magazine (June 16, 2004) wrote, "All of Aldrich's early work is intriguing, but Autumn Leaves is his secret gem. It's been passed over as camp because of its star, Joan Crawford, but Aldrich brings all his hard edges to this woman's picture. The collision of his tough style with the soapy material makes for a film that never loses its queasy tension."
Crawford and Aldrich announced plans to make another film together Storm in the Sun but these plans faltered when Aldrich had a falling out with Columbia. However the two worked together again on Whatever Happened to Baby Jane? (1962).
- Alain Silver and James Ursini, Whatever Happened to Robert Aldrich?, Limelight, 1995 p 244
- 'The Top Box-Office Hits of 1956', Variety Weekly, January 2, 1957
- French box office results for Robert Aldrich films at Box Office Story
- RANDOM OBSERVATIONS ON PEOPLE AND PICTURES: Story of Gen. Billy Mitchell Planned By Wayne-Fellows -- Other Matters By A. H. WEILER. New York Times 4 July 1954: X5.
- HOLLYWOOD CANVAS: Aldrich and Sinatra in Full Throttle -Debate -- Science-Fiction Derby By THOMAS M. PRYOR. New York Times 07 Aug 1955: X5.
- Crowther, Bosley. "A New Agonizer; Joan Crawford Stars in 'Autumn Leaves'"
- Quirk, Lawrence J.. The Films of Joan Crawford. The Citadel Press, 1968.
- Quirk, Lawrence J. and Schoell, William. Joan Crawford: The Essential Biography.
- Slant Magazine. Callahan, Dan. Autumn Leaves
- INGRID BERGMAN TO DO 'ANASTASIA': Actress Signed by Zanuck for Film to Be Made in Austria and Paris By THOMAS M. PRYORSpecial to The New York Times.. New York Times (1923-Current file); New York, N.Y. [New York, N.Y]16 Dec 1955: 38.
- "6th Berlin International Film Festival: Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved 2009-12-25.