Kikugawa City Hall
Location of Kikugawa in Shizuoka Prefecture
|• Mayor||Junichi Ota (since January 2005, and former Kikugawa leader since January 1997)|
|• Total||94.19 km2 (36.37 sq mi)|
|• Density||510/km2 (1,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|• Tree||Camellia sinensis|
|• Bird||Grey wagtail|
|Address||Horinouchi-61, Kikugawa-shi, Shizuoka-ken|
Kikugawa (菊川市 Kikugawa-shi) is a city located in the western portion of Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 July 2019[update], the city had an estimated population of 48,484 in 17,916 households , and a population density of 510 persons per km². The total area of the city is 94.19 square kilometres (36.37 sq mi). The city is known for production of green tea. The city's slogan is "Green for the Next Generation".
Kikugawa is situated on the Makinohara Plateau of east-central Shizuoka. The Kikugawa River flows through the city. The area enjoys a warm maritime climate with hot, humid summers and mild, cool winters, and is subject to frequent fogs.
Per Japanese census data, the population of Kikugawa has been relatively steady over the past 30 years.
The city has a climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and relatively mild winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Kikugawa is 16.3 °C. The average annual rainfall is 2112 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 27.1 °C, and lowest in January, at around 6.2 °C.
With the establishment of the modern municipalities system of the early Meiji period on April 1, 1889, the area around modern Kikugawa was consolidated into eleven villages within Kitō District, Shizuoka Prefecture from 38 hamlets within former Tōtōmi Province. Kikugawa Station on the Tōkaidō Main Line train between Shizuoka and Hamamatsu opened on April 16, 1889 leaving to an influx of population and development. Kitō District merged with neighboring Sano District to form Ogasa District, Shizuoka in 1896. Through the Taishō and Shōwa periods, Kikugawa developed as a center of green tea production and the tea trade. Kikugawa Town was created on January 1, 1954 through the merger of former Horinouchi Town with four surrounding villages.
The economy of Kikugawa is primarily agricultural, with major crops including green tea, lettuce, blueberries, cantelope and aloe. Light industries include agricultural equipment manufacturing and automobile components manufacturing.
Kikugawa has nine public elementary schools and three public junior high schools operated by the city government, and one public high school operated by the Shizuoka Prefectural Board of Education. The city also have one private junior high school and two private high schools. The prefecture also operates a vocational school, the Shizuoka Prefectural Agriculture and Forestry College.
Kikugawa has three international schools:
- Colégio Nippo-Objetivo de Kikugawa (Centro de Ensino Nippo-Brasileiro) - Brazilian primary school
- Centro Educacional Sorriso de Criança - Brazilian primary school
- Escola Brasileira Sol Nascente - Brazilian primary school
- Kuroda Daikan Yashiki, an Important Cultural Property
- Kikugawa fortification ruins, a group of Sengoku-period ruins, National Historic Site
Notable people from Kikugawa
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Kikugawa.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kikugawa, Shizuoka.|
- Kikugawa City official website (in Japanese)