Malabar lark

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Malabar lark
A pair of Malabar crested lark (Galerida malabarica) Photograph by Shantanu Kuveskar.jpg
A pair of Galerida malabarica from Mangaon, Maharashtra, India
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Alaudidae
Genus: Galerida
Species:
G. malabarica
Binomial name
Galerida malabarica
(Scopoli, 1786)
Synonyms
  • Alauda malabarica

The Malabar lark, or Malabar crested lark (Galerida malabarica) is a species of lark in the family Alaudidae found in western India.

Taxonomy and systematics[edit]

Originally, the Malabar lark was classified in the genus Alauda before being moved to its present genus. Also, some authorities have considered the Thekla lark to be a subspecies of the Malabar lark.[2]

Description[edit]

Malabar lark (Galerida malabarica) Sakleshpur India Oct 2008 sideview.jpg

This is a smallish lark, slightly smaller than the Eurasian skylark. It has a long spiky erectile crest. It is greyer than the skylark, and lacks the white wing and tail edges of that species, which is a winter visitor to India.

It is very similar to the crested lark, which breeds in northern India. The Malabar lark is smaller and dark-streaked reddish brown in plumage, whereas the crested lark is grey. The belly is white. The sexes are similar.

Sykes's lark is another Indian relative that also has reddish-brown plumage, but is smaller, shorter-billed, with a stiff upright crest and has plain rufous underparts.

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The Malabar lark is found in western India. It is a common bird of open country, cultivation and scrub, often at some altitude.

Behaviour and ecology[edit]

The Malabar lark is a sedentary breeding bird that nests on the ground, laying two or three eggs. Its food is seeds and insects, the latter especially in the breeding season.

In Kannur, Kerala, India

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Galerida malabarica". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  2. ^ "Galerida theklae - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2016-12-08.