Alma, Quebec

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Alma
Alma-3.jpg
Coat of arms of Alma
Coat of arms
Motto(s): 
La ville de l'hospitalité
Location within Lac-Saint-Jean-Est RCM.
Location within Lac-Saint-Jean-Est RCM.
Alma is located in Lac-Saint-Jean, Quebec
Alma
Alma
Location in Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean Quebec.
Coordinates: 48°33′N 71°39′W / 48.550°N 71.650°W / 48.550; -71.650Coordinates: 48°33′N 71°39′W / 48.550°N 71.650°W / 48.550; -71.650[1]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
RegionSaguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean
RCMLac-Saint-Jean-Est
Amalgamation1962 (of Isle-Maligne, Naudville, Riverbend and St-Joseph d'Alma.)
ConstitutedFebruary 21, 2001 (amalgamation with Delisle)
Government
 • MayorMarc Asselin
 • Federal ridingLac-Saint-Jean
 • Prov. ridingLac-Saint-Jean
Area
 • Town230.30 km2 (88.92 sq mi)
 • Land195.59 km2 (75.52 sq mi)
 • Urban41.10 km2 (15.87 sq mi)
 • Metro340.35 km2 (131.41 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[3]
 • Town30,904
 • Density158.0/km2 (409/sq mi)
 • Urban26,016
 • Urban density633.0/km2 (1,639/sq mi)
 • Metro33,018
 • Metro density97.0/km2 (251/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011
Increase 3.0%
 • Dwellings
13,884
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
G8B, G8C & G8E
Area code(s)418 and 581
Highways Route 169
Route 170
Route 172
Telephone Exchanges212, 321, 480-2, 487, 662, 668-9, 719, 720, 769
GNBC CodeEFHQD
NTS Map022D12
Websitewww.ville.alma.qc.ca

Alma (2011 Town population: 30,904; CA Population 33,018; UA Population 26,016) is a town in the Canadian province of Quebec.

Geography[edit]

Alma is located on the southeast coast of Lac Saint-Jean where it flows into the Saguenay River, in the Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean region of Quebec, Canada, approximately 175 km north of Quebec City. Alma is the seat of Lac-Saint-Jean-Est Regional County Municipality. Alma is the second city in population in the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean region after the city of Saguenay.

Alma is the seat of the judicial district of Alma.[6]

History[edit]

The present town of Alma was formed in 1962 from the merging of four villages: Isle-Maligne, Naudville, Riverbend and St-Joseph d'Alma. The oldest of the villages, St-Joseph-d'Alma, was founded in 1867 by Damase Boulanger. The area became an important industrial centre during the 1920s and 1930s with the construction of a hydro-electrical power station on the Grande-Décharge River, a paper mill (Price) and an aluminum smelting plant (Alcan), all of which are still in activity today.

In 2002, Alma merged with the Municipality of Delisle. Both modern day Alma and St-Joseph d'Alma are named after the Battle of the Alma.

Demographics[edit]

Population trend:[7]

  • Population in 2011: 30,904 (2006 to 2011 population change: 3%)
  • Population in 2006: 29,998
  • Population total in 2001: 30,126
    • Alma (ville): 25,918
    • Delisle (municipality): 4,208
  • Population in 1996:
    • Alma (ville): 26,127
    • Delisle (municipality): 4,256
  • Population in 1991:
    • Alma (ville): 25,910
    • Delisle (municipality): 4,281

Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 13324 (total dwellings: 13884)

Mother tongue:[8]

  • English as first language: 0.5%
  • French as first language: 98.5%
  • English and French as first language: 0.1%
  • Other as first language: 0.9%
Visible minority and Aboriginal population (Canada 2006 Census)
Population group Population % of total population
White 29,025 97.7%
Visible minority group
Source:[9]
South Asian 0 0%
Chinese 45 0.2%
Black 40 0.1%
Filipino 0 0%
Latin American 20 0.1%
Arab 15 0.1%
Southeast Asian 60 0.2%
West Asian 0 0%
Korean 0 0%
Japanese 10 0%
Visible minority, n.i.e. 0 0%
Multiple visible minority 0 0%
Total visible minority population 200 0.7%
Aboriginal group
Source:[10]
First Nations 125 0.4%
Métis 335 1.1%
Inuit 0 0%
Aboriginal, n.i.e. 10 0%
Multiple Aboriginal identity 0 0%
Total Aboriginal population 480 1.6%
Total population 29,705 100%

Transportation[edit]

Alma is serviced by the Alma Airport, located 4.1 km to the south of the town.

Image gallery[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reference number 1013 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
  2. ^ a b Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire - Répertoire des municipalités: Alma Archived 2012-01-15 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ a b "Alma census profile". 2011 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-05-24.
  4. ^ a b "Alma (Population centre) community profile". 2011 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-05-24.
  5. ^ a b "Alma (Census agglomeration) community profile". 2011 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-05-24. The census agglomeration consists of Alma and Saint-Nazaire. In the 2006 census, the census agglomeration had also included Saint-Henri-de-Taillon.
  6. ^ Territorial Division Act. Revised Statutes of Quebec D-11.
  7. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  8. ^ "Alma community profile". 2006 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2010-11-10.
  9. ^ [1], Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision
  10. ^ [2], Aboriginal Population Profile from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision

External links[edit]

Media related to Alma, Quebec at Wikimedia Commons